Student Loan: Types of Student Loans

A student loan enables students to borrow money to pay it back later with some percentage of interest. However, student loans allow students to repay loans with favorable terms, such as low-interest rates on loans taken.

Student Loan: Types of Student Loans

These loans are structured towards young people with little or no earnings who wish to further their education, it is typically structured along 20-year repayments.

To understand student loans better, keep reading this article, which explains the essentials of student loans.

Types of Student Loans

Types of student loans refer to the lenders that offer student loans. There are several lenders, and they will be discussed below:

Federal Loans

These Loans are offered by the government, making them less expensive. They usually come with borrowers’ protection, unlike the loans received from other places.

Some advantages of federal loans include having fixed and sometimes lower interest rates, a 6-month grace period after graduation before payment, and the ability to borrow money without a cosigner.

With a federal loan, the repayment methods are highly flexible as they involve income-driven repayment and extended repayment.

Federal loans provide the possibility of forgiving some of your loans if you work in professions like public service and teaching.

With federal loans, not all of the money necessarily comes directly from the government. However, the government determines and guarantees any loan that it does not directly extend while it sets the terms for all lending procedures.

Students enrolled in an accredited school can apply for a federal loan as the loans are usually processed through the school’s financial aid office.

There are four types of federal loans for students in college:

  • Direct Subsidized Loan: this kind of loan is a huge cost saving as you won’t have to pay interest on the amount you borrowed because it is subsidized.

It is available for undergraduate students who have demonstrated financial needs.

  • Direct unsubsidized Loan: this kind of loan allows your interest to be capitalized. This means it will be added to your loan balance, which you have to pay while in college.

It is available to undergraduates with great financial needs.

  • Federal Direct PLUS Loan: this kind of loan enables interest to accrue as soon as the loan is fully disbursed.

This way, repayments can be deferred while the student is enrolled in college and six months after graduation.

It is available to graduate students and parents of dependent undergraduate students.

  • Federal Direct Consolidation Loan: this kind of loan enables you to combine multiple federal loans without losing their benefits.

Private Loans

These kinds of loans are given by private financial institutions such as banks, credit unions and others. private student loans take any form as they are bound by borrowing and lending laws.

These kinds of loans are offered through financial aid websites and offices that offer packages to students through established lenders.

Private loans come with fixed or variable interest rates, often requiring students to bring a cosigner to sign their forms.

These kinds of loans can’t be subsidized; what happens is that as soon as you borrow the money, it will begin to accrue interest.

Students who want to borrow and who have a good credit score and cosigners with a good credit score can find private loans with low interest rates.

State Loans

State loans are restricted to schools in a particular state, students in a particular state cannot access the loan of another state.

Also, try to imitate private loans the only difference is that state loans have higher interest rates and also lack the protection federal loans offer.

Medical-Specific Loans

These loans are directed to students who want to attend a professional school or pursue a degree abroad as this comes with dedicated costs.

Expenses To Use Student Loans For

Student loans can be used for several educational expenses, such as the following:

  • Tuition
  • School fees
  • Room and board
  • Meal plans or groceries
  • Utilities
  • Books and supplies
  • Computers and other basic technology
  • Transportation

FAQs on Student Loan

How Do I Get a Loan with Low Interest?

You can get loans with lower interest by making extra loan payments that can help you pay the loan off sooner or by refinancing your student loan to get a lower interest rate.

How Does Interest Work for Loans?

The interest you pay for your loan depends on some factors, some of which are whether your loan is subsidized or unsubsidized.

Another factor is the amount you borrow and the term you want to repay the loan.

When Do I Repay My Loans If I Take a Leave of Absence?

You have a 6-month grace period, so you do not have to start paying immediately. However, once you use up the grace period, you have to begin repaying immediately.

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